Sunday, May 24, 2020

Timeline of the Persian Wars 492-449

The Persian Wars (sometimes known as the Greco-Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, beginning in 502 BCE and running some 50 years, until 449 BCE. The seeds for the wars was planted in 547 BCE when the Persian emperor, Cyrus the Great, conquered  Greek Ionia. Before this, the Greek city-states and the Persian Empire,  centered in what is now modern-day Iran, had maintained an uneasy coexistence, but this expansion by the Persians would eventually lead to war.   Timeline and Summary of the Persian Wars 502 BCE,  Naxos: An unsuccessful attack by the Persians on the large island of Naxos, midway between Crete and the current Greek mainland,  paved the way to revolts by Ionian settlements occupied by the Persians in Asia Minor. The Persian Empire had gradually expanded to occupy Greek settlements in Asia Minor, and the success of Naxos at repelling the Persians encouraged the Greek settlements to consider rebellion.  c. 500 BCE, Asia Minor: The first revolts by Green Ionian regions of Asia Minor began, in reaction to oppressive tyrants appointed by the Persians to oversee the territories.  498 BCE, Sardis:  Ã‚  Persians, led by Aristagoras with Athenian and Eritrean allies, occupied Sardis, located along what is now the western coast of Turkey. The city was burned, and the Greeks met and were defeated by a Persian force. This was the end of the Athenian involvement in the Ionian  revolts.492 BCE, Naxos: When the Persians invaded, the inhabitants of the island fled. The Per sians burned settlements, but the nearby island of Delos was spared. This marked the first invasion of Greece by the Persians, led by Mardonius.490 BCE, Marathon: The first Persian invasion of Greece ended with Athens decisive victory over the Persians at Marathon, in the Attica region, north of Athens.  480 BCE, Thermopylae, Salamis: Led by Xerxes, the Persians in their second invasion of Greece defeated the combined Greek forces at the Battle of Thermopylae. Athens soon falls, and the Persians overrun most of Greece. However, at the Battle of Salamis, a large island west of Athens, the combined Greek navy decisively beat the Persians. Xerxes retreated to Asia.  479 BCE, Plataea:  Persians retreating from their loss at Salamis encamped at Plataea, a small town northwest of Athens, where combined Greek forces badly defeated the Persian army, led by Mardonius. This defeat effectively ended the second Persian invasion. Later that year, combined Greek forces went on the offensive to expel Persian forces from Ionian settlements in Sestos and Byzantium.  478 BCE, Delian League: A joint effort of Greek city-states, the Delian League formed to combine efforts against the Persians. When Spartas actions alienated many of the Greek city-states, they united under the leadership of Athens, thereby beginning what many historians view as the start of the Athenian Empire. Systematic expulsion of the Persians from settlements in Asia now began, continuing for 20 years.  476 to 475 BCE, Eion: Athenian general Cimon captured this important Persian stronghold, where Persian armies stored huge stores of supplies. Eion was located west of the island of Thasos and south of what is now the border of Bulgaria, at the mouth of the Strymon River.  468 BCE, Caria: General Cimon freed the coastal towns of Caria from the Persians in a series of land and sea battles. Southern Aisa Minor from Cari to Pamphylia (the region of what is now Turkey between the Black Sea and the Medit erranean) soon became part of the Athenian Federation.  456 BCE, Prosopitis: To support a local Egyptian rebellion in the Nile River Delta, Greek forces were besieged by remaining Persian forces and were badly defeated. This marked the beginning of the end of Delian League expansionism under Athenian leadership  449 BCE, Peace of Callias: Persia and Athens signed a peace treaty, although, to all intents and purposes, hostilities had ended several years earlier. Soon, Athens would find itself in the middle of the Peloponnesian Wars as Sparta, and other city-states rebelled against Athenian supremacy.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Understanding Bipolar Disorder in Children - 4023 Words

Understanding Bipolar Disorder in Children by Patricia Oakes November 6, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..i INTRODUCTION†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦1 FINDING AND CONCLUSIONS†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..2 LIVING DAILY LIFE: HELPING YOUR TEEN AT HOME AND SCHOOL†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦2 HOW CAN YOU WORK TOGETHER WITH YOUR CHILD’S TEACHERS?....3 SCHOOL amp; THE CHILD WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.4 DISORDERS THAT CAN ACCOMPANY BIPOLAR DISORDER†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.5 WORKING WITH THE SCHOOLS†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..6 MEDICATIONS USED TO TREAT CHILD AND ADOLESCENT METAL DISORDERS†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.7 PSYCHOTHERAPY†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦8 CONCLUSION†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.9 WORK CITED†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.10†¦show more content†¦It’s a natural phase in the evolution of your role as a parent. While your relationship with your teen will change, that doesn’t mean it becomes any less significant. In fact, your teen may need the security of your love and support more than ever now. The way you communicate with your adolescent and structure your family life can have a major impact on how your teen functions at home which can influence how your teen functions in other situations. The time and energy you devote to your other children, your significant other, and yourself can help keep the teen’s issues in perspective, a good thing for all of you. And the way you address school issues and advocate for your teenager’s educational needs can have a decisive impact on his or her success in school. All the while, you’ll be slowly but surely working toward one of the most difficult but ultimately gratifying tasks for any parent letting go. As the parents of an adolescent with depression or bipolar disorder, you may have to take things a bit more gradually than other parents, but the ultimate goal of helping your child move toward a healthy, productive, independent life as a young adult is still the same. What can the school do to help my child with bipolar disorder? Teachers often are the first to notice the symptoms of bipolar disorder, and can provide parents, guardians, and doctors with information that may help diagnose and treat the disorder. They also can playShow MoreRelatedBipolar Disorder And Its Effects On Children1247 Words   |  5 Pagesfrom Bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness is a brain disorder that can affect one’s mood and ability to complete tasks. Bipolar disorder in children is under studied for many reasons. These include, lack of awareness and the difference in the disease seen in adults and children that can make it difficult to continue studies. 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The patient might suffer for years before he or she is diagnosed and treated. Bipolar disorder can have a lot of results, some of these could end up with damaged relationships, poor jobs or school performance, and even suicide. Although this long- term illness can cause a lot of problems in patients, treating it correctly can lead the patient to have a full and productive life. Bipolar disorder is a brain illness caused by an underlying problemRead MoreBipolar Disorder ( Bipolar )1447 Words   |  6 Pages Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness in which common emotions become intensely and often unpredictably magnified. Individuals with bipolar disorder can quickly swing from extremes of happiness, energy and clarity to sadness, fatigue and confusion. Bipolar disorder more commonly develops in older teenagers and young adults; it can appear in children as 6. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown; there are two types of this disease: Types of the bipolar disorder: People with bipolarRead MoreA Child with Bipolar Disorder Makes Parenting Difficult Essays666 Words   |  3 Pagesdifficult time identifying is bipolar disorder, or maniac-depression illness, a mental illness in which unusual mood swings occur within the child. Such disorder should not to be mistaken with the occasional ups or downs many people go through. The National Institute of Mental Health’s website provides parents valuable information of the disorder’s symptoms and treatments, as well as information on how to live with a child with bipolar disorder. Symptoms of bipolar disorder often appear in the person’sRead MoreBipolar Disorder : A Serious Mental Illness980 Words   |  4 PagesBipolar Disorder I decided to do my research paper on Bipolar Disorder. The reason I chose to do my paper on Bipolar disorder is because it is a serious mental illness. Those with bipolar disorder often describe their experience as an emotional roller coaster. Going up and down between strong emotions can keep a person from having anything approaching a normal life. The emotions of a persons’ behavior with bipolar disorder experience as beyond ones control. This condition is exhausting not only forRead MoreBipolar And Bipolar Disorder ( Bipolar )1397 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Bipolar robs you of that which is you. It can take from you the very core of your being and replace it with something that is completely opposite of who and what you truly are† (A. Reyan 2015). Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that alters a person’s life, they can never go back to who they were before. â€Å"It is estimated that more than 10 million Americans suffer from bipolar disorder† (everyd 2015). Bipolar disorder is broken down into two types; bipolar I and bipolar II disorder

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Diversification and Corporate Strategy McLaren Group Free Essays

Executive Summary This report is focused upon the corporate strategies adopted by McLaren Group over the years of its establishment. The McLaren Group was founded in 1963 and entered Formula One racing in 1966 achieving its first victory at the Belgium Grand prix in 1968. Today, after 181 Grand Prix victories, the group owns one of the world’s leading Formula One teams and has also expanded to include six separate companies in a variety of markets. We will write a custom essay sample on Diversification and Corporate Strategy: McLaren Group or any similar topic only for you Order Now This initial evaluation of the group’s growth strategy in mass car market indicates that McLaren has successfully established its unique niche market within the mass car market. Its partnering with renowned component suppliers has also ensured its successful mass car market entry. As part of its growth strategy, McLaren Groups has undergone both horizontal and vertical diversification over the years to exploit its corporate expertise and resources up to an optimum. In doing so, the group’s diversification strategy very much falls in line with the historical perspective of corporate diversification as discussed by Goold and Luchs (1993). This report will initially analyze how McLaren Group mitigated the challenges it faced in its bid for its mass car market entry using Michael Porter’s five forces framework. Following that, the report will analyze the level of diversification achieved by the group over the years. Finally, the report will discuss whether or not McLaren’s diversification strategies coincide with the historical perspective of diversification as presented by Goold and Luchs (1993). Mitigating Market Entry Barriers in Mass Car Market Bargaining Power of Suppliers One of the market entry barriers according to Michael Porter (2008) pertains to the supplier bargaining power. In the automobile business, the supplier bargaining power is very high in that there are very few specialized components providers that could confirm with the requirements of a brand. McLaren mitigated this barrier by entering into partnerships with various suppliers such as Ford, BMW and Mercedes. Bargaining Power of Consumers McLaren has uniquely positioned itself as an exclusive brand over the years. It is one of the well known brands of the world yet it remains very exclusive. By adhering strictly to a ‘pull strategy’ for marketing its road cars, the company has mitigated the buyers bargaining power in that its cars highly sought after. Threat of New Entrants McLaren had established its high brand equity through years of successful formula one racing and other competitive racing before entering into the high-end consumer car market. McLaren is only second to Ferrari in being one of the oldest active formula one racing team. This sort of brand image, experience and technical expertise possessed by the company mitigated the market entry barriers for McLaren. Since these capabilities are not easily duplicable especially in a high end consumer market, McLaren faces relatively low threat from other new entrants. Threat of Substitutes and Competitive Rivalry McLaren usually produces a small number of units of its consumer car variants. These cars are highly specialized road cars in that they resemble McLaren’s racing cars in their features. For these cars, McLaren has a specialized niche market which is less threatened by rivals or substitutes. Only recently, the company has decided to mass produce its MP4-12C sports car to reach 4000 units by 2015. Level of Diversification Shown by the McLaren Group Diversification as a Growth Strategy Business firms must undergo continuous growth and change in order to retain their relative position in the market and in order to improve their position, they must grow â€Å"twice as fast as that† (Ansoff, 1957, p.113). According to Ansoff, there are four growth strategies namely: market penetration, market development, product development and diversification. McLaren has extensively implemented diversification strategy for the group’s growth. It has diversified its product and service offering over the years to sustain and improve its position in the automobile industry. Starting from a Woking based McLaren Formula One Team in 1966, McLaren Group now comprises of 6 distinct companies, whom the International Herald Tribune referred to as ‘a small conglomerate’ (Brad, 2000). McLaren’s group of companies include: McLaren Racing; McLaren; McLaren Automotive; McLaren Electronics Systems (MES); McLaren Applied Technologies (MAT); McLaren Marketing and Ab solute Taste. Diversification strategy requires a firm to acquire new skills, new techniques, and subsequently new amenities. Resultantly, it often leads to a physical and organizational restructuring of a business which represents a divergence from its past business experiences (Ansoff, 1957). McLaren has similarly undergone such changes in achieving its existing level of diversification. Although the ‘McLaren’ brand is still centered on its Vodafone McLaren Mercedes Formula One Racing Team, McLaren Group has ventured in various business such as road car automobile business; electronic system business for formula one teams; applied technologies, marketing, and food and hospitality business. In its effort to house all these distinct businesses, McLaren Group has built its state of the art McLaren Technology Center (MTC). MTC is the group’s corporate and production headquarters (McLaren, 2013). Operating as a privately run business, McLaren has entered into partnerships and join t business ventures with several other individuals, brands and groups of companies like Vodafone and Mercedez, Bahrain Mumtalakat, TAG Group, to support it and finance its diversification strategy. Horizontal and Vertical Diversification Academic literature regarding diversification strategies suggests that firms undertake two types of diversification namely horizontal and vertical. Horizontal diversification (also referred to as related diversification) involves accumulation of related or similar products/services to the current product/service profile of a company (Charles and Bamford, 2010). It can be done by acquiring competitors or through developing new products/services internally. Companies usually aim to achieve economies of scale through horizontal diversification. Businesses can also expand their offerings and/or enter new markets. Vertical diversification (also referred to as conglomerate or un-related diversification) is when a company expands its operation into products or markets beyond its existing resources and capabilities (Cole, 2003; Charles and Bamford, 2010). This strategy is usually adopted when a firms existing business has either matured or reached its peak and started to decline. Moreover, firms undertake vertical diversification also in order to mitigate cyclical fluctuations in its sales and cash flows. McLaren has undergone both types of diversification over the years of its establishments. The company has ventured into related automobile business (horizontal diversification), in which the company developed a consumer car automotive business called McLaren Automotive. Since its early years, McLaren cars have been widely used by customer teams besides its own works team (Nye, 1988; William, 2009). McLaren’s Chairman Ron Dennis envisioned the company’s long-term future and insisted upon developing a high tech automotive production plant wherein high end consumer cars would be built. McLaren Automotive has since established itself as a worldwide brand and produced two iconic cars called McLaren F1 supercar and the Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren in collaboration with Mercedes (William, 2009). McLaren Automotive also aims to coagulate its brand through its new MP4-12C car. In addition to its consumer car business, McLaren Group has also created a company called McLaren Electron ic Systems, which produces high-end electronics control unit (ECU) for formula one racing teams, as part of its horizontal diversification strategy. McLaren Electronic Systems creates some of the most advanced race telemetry and sensor equipments that provide innovative solutions to racing teams (McLaren, 2013). These horizontal diversifications are in line with Ron Dennis’s vision in which he observes that in the â€Å"21st Century to survive in F1 you need to have more than just a team† (Phillips, 2012). These diversifications provide the company with economies of scale in its core business and enable it to expand its avenue by capturing the high-end road car market. As part of its vertical diversification, McLaren has ventured into applied technologies. This business is involved in developing groundbreaking technological solutions in the field of sport, medicine, biomechanics and entertainment. McLaren has employed its overall technical know-how and channeled it extensively into a range of improved technological systems and solutions through its Applied Technologies business. The company’s solutions are aimed at improving performance, cutting costs or increasing efficiency, as well as introducing new approaches in a number of specialist fields (McLaren, 2013). Moreover, McLaren has established a marketing and advertising business which foresees its marketing activities in maintaining its global brand image whilst retaining its exclusivity. Moreover, McLaren has also established a food and hospitality business which attends to not only its customers at the formula one racing tracks but also other high-end customers around the world. This d iversification strategy can be attributed to the maturity of McLaren’s primary racing business in which the company has been operating for almost 5 decades. McLaren is the second oldest active team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, 12 drivers’ championships and 8 constructors’ championships (McLaren, 2013). With so much experience, technological and managerial expertise at its disposal, it is viable that the company utilized them in other areas of business which are indirectly related to McLaren’s core business. McLaren’s Diversification as a Reflection of the Historical Perspective on Corporate Diversification During 1950s and 1960s Most of the large corporation justified and adopted diversification corporate strategies during 1950s and 1960s mainly due to the competency of their managers in general management skills. During this period, there was much attention being given to basic principles of management which were useful for all managers and applicable in all kinds of enterprises. There was emphasis upon common problems and issues across different types of enterprises and how professional managers could manage any business with their general skills. For almost two decades, the faith in general management skills provided a justification for growth and diversification (Goold and Luchs, 1993). During the late 1960s, McLaren was relatively a small and new business and its top management was focused merely on winning races rather than deciding for a corporate diversification and growth strategy. The company had neither the resources nor general managerial expertise to embark upon any sort of diversification. Late1960s and 1970s During this period, there was a realization among management practitioners and academicians that different types of businesses had to be managed differently. The validity of general management skills as a rationale for diversification began to lose popularity. Many companies realized that by applying the same management practices in different businesses, they were minimizing the overall value acquired from those businesses. Many conglomerates were facing problems during this period in that they were making profitless growth. Resultantly, there was an increasing force upon managers to focus their attention on formulating ‘strategies’ for their companies. Numerous strategic management frameworks were developed by consultancy organizations and business corporations for business unit strategy. Portfolio management practices were adopted for defining an overall corporate strategy (Goold and Luchs, 1993). During this time, McLaren had established itself as a successful formula one team and was determined to continue its success as its core business strategy. It was still not focused on diversifying its product and services portfolio. 1980s and 1990s Following the focus upon corporate and business strategy, management practitioners were now under pressure to increase stakeholders’ value through their businesses. This led to the emphasis upon value-based planning. Realizing that un-related diversification often decreased the overall stakeholders’ value; organizations began to retreat back to their core businesses. Numerous management academicians such as Henry Mintzberg emphasized upon the need of having in-depth technological expertise, knowledge and experience in a particular business for ensuring the highest shareholders value rather than â€Å"thin and lifeless strategies that result from treating businesses as mere positions on a portfolio matrix† (Mintzberg, in Goold and Luchs, 1993). Confirming with this logic, McLaren, which had by now acquired in-depth expertise, knowledge and experience in formula one racing, and race and sports cars, was now embarking upon its high performance road car venture. Its road cars were very much similar to its formula one car and therefore McLaren was rightly justified in its diversification move. Post 1990s Following this period, there was a widespread focus upon how organizations could best exploit their corporate expertise. This led to the emergence of themes such as core competencies and dominant logic view. Both these themes are somewhat similar in that they underscore the importance of growth and diversification of companies in only those fields which require relatively same core expertise as those of their primary businesses and which fit within the managerial dominant logic of their corporate cultures (Goold and Luchs, 1993). Coinciding with this dominant business view, McLaren diversified its offerings in related and un-related areas within which it already had adequate competencies and which could be easily fitted within its existing management structure. McLaren had great know-how of the technical and information requirements of a formula one team which was utilized to create its innovative electrical control units business. The company’s vast mechanical and electrical engineering expertise were further exploited to create its applied technology business. As a global brand, McLaren was already engaged in marketing activities and likewise in catering its global clientele and fans attending formula one race. Both these capabilities were further explored to establish McLaren’s marketing and hospitality businesses. References Ansoff, I. (1957) Strategies for Diversification. Harvard Business Review. Vol. 35 Issue 5. Brad, S. (2000). TAG McLaren Group Revs Up Off Track. International Herald Tribune: 2000-06-24. p. 9. Charles E. Bamford, G. (2010). Strategic Management. Cengage Learning. Cole, G.A. (2003). Strategic Management. Cengage Learning. Goold, M. and Luchs, K. (1993) Why Diversify: Four Decades of Management Thinking. Academic of Management Executive. Vol. 7 No. 3 McLaren (2013) Vodafone McLaren Mercedes. Available from (cited on 5th, March, 2013) Michael E. Porter. (2008). The Five Competitive Forces that Shape Strategy. Harvard Business Review, January 2008, p.86-104. Mintzberg, H in Goold, M. and Luchs, K. (1993) Why Diversify: Four Decades of Management Thinking. Academic of Management Executive. Vol. 7 No. 3 Nye, D. (1988) McLaren: The Grand Prix, Can-Am and Indy Cars. Guild Publishing. Phillips, A. (2012). Business Leaders: The master behind McLaren the super brand. Business Review Europe. Available from (cited on 5th, March, 2013) William, T. (2009). McLaren – The Cars 1964–2008. Coterie Press. How to cite Diversification and Corporate Strategy: McLaren Group, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Medical Terminology free essay sample

Medical terminology is a language for accurately describing the human body and associated components, conditions, processes and process in a science-based manner. Medical terminology is important in the medical field because it allows healthcare professionals to interact at all levels and details of the patients can be discussed with ease. The benefits of knowing medical terminology are that one can document faster and easier and communicate faster about a patient’s records and illness. One health occupation that interests me is Physical therapists. I think it would be a very rewarding occupation. Physical therapists care for people of all ages who have functional problems. They oversee physical therapist assistants and aides and they consult with specialists, surgeons, etc. Physical therapists work with patients at having more active and healthy lifestyles, helping to prevent loss of mobility. Physical therapists set up plans with patients, help them set goals for themselves, and in some cases help them achieve their goals. We will write a custom essay sample on Medical Terminology or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Physical therapists definitely make a big difference in the medical field. Physical therapists typically work in clinics, nursing homes, hospitals, and private offices. In order to become a physical therapist, one would be required to have a postgraduate professional degree. Most programs require a bachelor’s degree for admission and many require specific prerequisites. Some important qualities one should have if going into this field are compassion, detail oriented, dexterity, interpersonal skills and physical stamina. Physical therapy is a very helpful part of the health field.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

airframe essays

airframe essays I am interested in aircraft, especially airplane engines and structure. I have studied for five years in Japan about aviation maintenance at my high school and my college which have aeronautical engineering departments. Needless to say, I am majoring in the aviation maintenance technology. Aircraft are eminently related to physics. I therefore chose this book,  gAirframe h. I think that a person who is interested in aviation would feel interested in this book. I have already studied about some flight dynamics in Japan. I am therefore going to write about lift and a stall, wing curvature, axis of an airplane in flight, and my doubt in the book. The book gives an example of an airplane bound from Hong Kong to Dallas, TPA 545, which stalled on its way to Dallas. The circumstance was that the plane suddenly descended and went up, then it stalled and went down again. However, the pilots of the plane recovered the airplane fs balance and altitude, and the airplane made an emergency landing at Los Angeles airport. I am going to write about the reason why airplanes can fly before I write about a stall, because it is easy to understand a stall when the physics of flight are understood. Airplanes can fly by making use of lift. Air usually flows are both the upper and lower wing fs surfaces. There are differences in airspeed and air pressure between air flowing over the upper side and air flowing under the lower side of a wing. The air flowing over the upper side is faster than the opposite sides air, and the air pressure on upper side is lower than the opposite air pressure. The power to lift up, which is called lif t, therefore acts on the wing, and the phenomenon is known as Bernoulli fs principle. These are the reasons why airplanes can fly. A stall is caused by exfoliation of air on a wing. I think that there is some possibility of any airplane stalling from this phenomenon. In my opinion, the airplane was fall...

Saturday, March 7, 2020

ol grande Essay

ol grande Essay ol grande Essay GURL I JUST NEED ANSWERS THNX FEWNNFEWFWFEFWEFFFEFEWWFW hakespeare stresses the point that humans can be polarized by reason and emotion. These two poles differ in all aspects, while both are gathered in man. Hamlet, the protagonist of Shakespeare’s greatest work, is the sample of this polarization. The emphasis in Hamlet on the control or moderation of emotion by reason is so insistent that many critics have addressed it. A seminal study is undertaken by Lily Bess Campbell in Shakespeare's Tragic Heroes, Slaves of Passion. John S. Wilks, in a masterful of examination of conscience, explores "the subsidence in Hamlet of virulent passion," and notes "his accession to a renewed temperance" achieved through "chastened self-control" (The Discourse of Reason: Justice and the Erroneous Conscience in Hamlet 139, 140). Shakespeare, thorough this character, tries to introduce and show this great feature of man which had been, is, and will be with human beings. As we shall find, though Hamlet is filled with references to the need for rational control of emotion, the play probes much deeper into the relation between reason and emotion-particularly with respect to the role of reason in provoking as opposed to controlling emotion. In this paper, it’s going to be noted how the task of controlling emotion by reason is problematized by Hamlet and other characters in the play. The concept of the sovereignty of reason over emotion derives from the classical definition, adopted by medieval Scholasticism, of man as the rational animal whose reason has the ethical task of rationally ordering the passions or emotional disturbances of what is formally termed the sensitive appetite (referred to by the Ghost as "nature" [1.5.12]) with which man, like all other animals, is endowed: "All the passions of the soul should be regulated according to the rule of reason . . . " (Aquinas, Summa Theologica I-II, question 39, answer 2, ad 1). Hamlet concurs, when praising Horatio "[w]hose blood and judgment are so well commeddled" (3.2.69): "Give me that

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Choose one Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 3

Choose one - Essay Example Parents should show their children the value of improving the innate talents. Children have different mindsets and temperaments since some are shy while other display self-confidence. According to the ethical principle of common good, parents should allow their children to attain both spiritual and human flourishing by encouraging the development of innate talents (Gill 98). The society should also allow each human being to fulfill his vocation by offering an enabling environment for the development of talents. For instance, Josh Waitskin started playing chess at six years and won the first championships at age of age. Josh followed his innate talent and his learning process. Josh’s mother never discouraged his child to start playing Chess despite his young age. According to Josh, parents should encourage children to express their own unique individual personality. Parents have the ethical duty to instill confidence and assist their children develop the talents. According to t he principle of distributive justice, every human being in the society should be accorded human dignity and respect notwithstanding his quality of judgments. Parents should allow their children the opportunity to learn from their own experiences (Gill 110). Sadly, Josh Waitzkin lost his passion for Chess at 19 years due to pressure to meet other people’s expectations. Josh advises school authorities and parents to encourage children to listen to their â€Å"own natural voice and help the kids to develop their innate gifts (Josh, Waitzkin YouTube video)† On the other hand, opponents assert that parents should control the choices of their children regarding the development of innate talents. They argue that children have no ability to make informed decisions thus lack the right to choice. Parents should make decisions on the choices of their children regarding the development of innate gifts. Parents should set high and realistic goals for their